The diseased lower urinary tract yields the same symptoms regardless of cause.

A cat with lower urinary tract disease may have some or even all of these signs.

The Trick is Determining the Cause

The urinary bladder, urethra, and urinary opening all constitute the lower urinary tract. It makes sense that effective treatment requires knowing the cause of the symptoms. The problem is that just about any inflammatory condition in the feline lower urinary tract creates the same collection of signs. Tumor, infection, bladder stone etc. all create the same clinical picture.

What are the Possible Causes?

It turns out that the age of the cat is tremendously relevant regarding which underlying causes are most likely. If we look at all cats with lower urinary tract symptoms, we find:

If we separate out the cats that are 10 years of age or older and only look at them, a different statistical picture emerges:

Sorting Out Causes

Testing is used to help sort patients into the correct group. A urinalysis is commonly performed. With a 50 percent incidence of infection in older cats, a urine culture would be extremely important for a cat age 10 or more but not as important for younger cats where infection is rare.  In younger cats, a urinalysis is helpful to look for the typical blood and crystals of idiopathic cystitis or to pick up the occasional bladder infection.

Radiographs (in cats young and old) to rule out bladder stones are a good idea as they will otherwise go undetected.

Notice the large percentage of young adult cats for whom no clear underlying cause can be identified. For these cats, there are many theories on how to proceed.

This syndrome has many causes. Use the links below in the text box to guide you to the area most appropriate for your own cat.

It is critical to note that lower urinary symptoms in a male cat can indicate a urinary blockage, which is an emergency situation.

If you are not sure if your cat is able to express urine, assume it could be an emergency and call your veterinarian’s office at once.

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